The region is also considered as the birthplace of Christianity. At the cave church of St. Peter, Jesus' followers were called Christians for the first time. Antakya was among the five major episcopal sees of the Roman Empire with Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, and Jerusalem. In addition to be today’s multicultural melting pot of diverse cultures, the city is the most important Christian pilgrimage site in the region. Besides the cave church of St. Peter, the popular touristic attractions are the Archaeological Museum with its rich Roman mosaic collections, the Titus Tunnel, and the cypress and laurel forests of Harbiye.
The village Mağaracık, the modern successor settlement of the ancient port city of Seleucia Pieria, lays in about 7 km northwest of Samandağ.
ST. PETER'S CHURCH
The church is founded in a cave that can be entered through a portal built in the Crusader era, in which the apostle Peter is said to have formed the first community of people who were called Christians, a few years after the death of Jesus.
In ancient times, today's Harbiye was called with the name "Daphne" and was the summer residence of the rich and the famous people of Antakya.